ABCs Of Herpes Infections

Once one has been infected with the genital herpes virus, one carries it for the rest of one’s life and one is exposed to multiple recurrences. By taking care not to contract genital herpes, one protects oneself from the consequences of the infection and one also protects sexual partners.

Basic measures to prevent transmission of genital herpes

Do not have genital, anal or oral sex with someone who has lesions until they are completely healed. Always use a condom if either partner has the genital herpes virus. Indeed, a carrier is still likely to transmit the virus, even if it is asymptomatic (that is to say, it has no symptoms).

The condom does not completely protect against the transmission of the virus because it does not always cover the infected areas. To ensure better protection, a female condom can be used to cover the vulva. The dental dam can be used as protection during oral sex activities.

Basic measures to prevent recurrence in an infected person

Avoid triggering factors and get tested using the herpes home test kit. Careful observation of what happens before a flare can help determine the circumstances that contribute to recurrence (stress, medication, etc.). These triggering factors can then be avoided or reduced as much as possible.

Strengthen your immune system. The control of recurrence of infection with the herpes virus is largely based on vigorous immunity. Healthy eating, adequate sleep, and physical activity are some of the factors that contribute to good immunity.

In clinics, genital herpes is not tested, as is the case for other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as syphilis, viral hepatitis, and HIV. In some cases, however, a doctor may prescribe a blood test. This test detects the presence of antibodies against the herpes virus in the blood (HSV type 1 or 2, or both at the same time).

If the result is negative, it makes it possible to establish with a good certainty that a person is not infected. However, if the result is positive, the doctor cannot say for sure that the person is really affected because this test often generates false positive results. In case of a positive result, the doctor may also rely on the patient’s symptoms, but if he does not have one or never has the uncertainty increases.


The herpes home test kit can be helpful in diagnosing herpes, for people who have had recurrent genital lesions (if they are not apparent at the time of the doctor’s visit). Exceptionally, it can be used in other cases.

Different tools are available to diagnose a herpes infection. The detection of the virus can be carried out by viral isolation in cell culture and then detection of viral antigens. A smear of the vesicles is made to observe the cells and check for the presence or absence of a virus. A positive test will say that there is a sexually transmitted infection but cannot define it.

A simple blood test. To determine if it is genital herpes, one carries out a search of the viral antigens (anti-HSV-2). During the first infection of the HSV-2 virus, non-specific antibodies appear within 5 to 10 days. Specific antibodies (anti-HSV-2) appear 1 to 2 weeks later and will persist throughout life.

Learn more about chlamydia

The genus Chlamydia comprises three species: psittaci, trachomatis, and pneumoniae. They are small bacteria, (0.2 microns) obligatory cellular parasites, possessing DNA and RNA whose thin wall resembles that of gram-negative bacteria.

Low locations include nonspecific and post gonococcal urethritis, epididymitis in humans. The same applies to cervicitis and urethritis in women. High locations include prostatitis and acute or chronic salpingitis, tubal sterility. Extra-genital location: follicular conjunctivitis and Fiessenger-Leroy-Reiter syndrome associating conjunctivitis, urethritis and joint involvement. Conjunctivitis with inclusions, pneumonia, rhinitis or otitis in the newborn, contaminated at the time of delivery.

Chlamydia psittaci

C. psittaci is widespread in the animal world (birds, cattle and sheep). Psittacosis refers to the disease of parrots, parakeets, and canaries as well as a human disease; the term ornithosis refers to diseases of wild or farmyard birds. Human psittacosis gives rise to bronchopneumonia.

Chlamydia pneumoniae. The diagnosis may be based on the isolation of the bacterium by culturing on the embryo egg more delicate but safer than on cell cultures where isolation is sometimes not successful. The cytopathic effect is manifested as small, round, characteristic inclusions. More generally, doctors use the indirect diagnosis by the detection of serum antibodies (immunofluorescence indirect, ELISA).